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National Board of Accreditation(NBA), New Delhi

The National Board of Accreditation (NBA) was established in the year 1994 under Section 10 (u) of AICTE Act in order to assess the qualitative competence of programs offered by Technical Institutions from Diploma to Post graduate level in Engineering & Technology, Management, Pharmacy & Architecture, etc. NBA accredits programs and not the institutions. In the year 2010, NBA became autonomous with the objective of assurance of quality and relevance of technical education through accreditation of programs. In the year 2013, Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Rules of NBA were amended to make it completely independent administratively as well as financially.

Accreditation is a process of quality assurance and improvement, whereby a program is critically appraised to verify that the program continues to meet and / or exceeds the norms and standards prescribed by the regulatory authority from time to time.

NBA does not accredit institutions, instead, it accredits the programs offered by technical / professional institutions which have graduated at least two batches. During the calendar year 2022, 2192 programs were considered for accreditation, out of which 2016 programs were accredited and remaining 176 programs were not accredited.

India Rankings

The NIRF, developed by the Ministry of Education in 2015, outlines a broad framework and methodology to rank institutions across the country in various categories and subject domains. The framework identified five broad generic parameters, namely i) Teaching, Learning and Resources; ii) Research and Professional Practice; iii) Graduation Outcome; iv) Outreach and Inclusivity; and v) Perception. It also identified a number of sub-parameters under each of the five broad parameters and data required to suitably measure the performance score under each sub-parameter and enunciate a suitable metric and weightage that is used to compute a score for each sub-parameter. The sub-parameter scores are then added to obtain scores for each individual parameter. The overall score is computed based on the weights allotted to each of the five broad group of parameters.

The first and maiden edition of India Rankings was released in 2016 in four categories / subject domains. Subsequently, six annual editions of India Rankings were released using NIRF for the years 2017 to 2022. Seven categories / subject domains were added to the initial four categories / subject domains in subsequent years to take the total tally to 11 categories / subject domains.

India Rankings 2022 was released in July 2022 in four categories, namely Overall, Universities, Colleges & Research Institutions and seven subject domains, namely Engineering, Management, Pharmacy, Medical, Architecture, Law and Dental using National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF).

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